Linguists study the underlying principles of human languages. They are interested in understanding how children learn their native language without much instruction before they enter school and how people speak and understand sentences they have never heard before. Linguists also study language change through time. Some linguists study how damage at different locations in the brain causes different types of linguistic problems.
Rather than attempting to learn many languages, linguists search for the organizational principles of the world’s languages.
The description of formal patterns of human language has a number of applications. Linguistics is linked with anthropology and other social sciences in studying how language use relates to culture, region, class, and gender. It is connected to psychology, speech, and hearing in studying how children learn language, how speakers process and interpret language, and how injuries and disorders affect both production and perception of speech.
Linguists and computer scientists are discovering ways of identifying and representing sentence structures as part of knowledge and reasoning processes.
Linguistics also has important ties with instruction in foreign languages and English as a second language (ESL).
Why Study at Iowa
Iowa’s linguistics department has an outstanding national reputation. It enjoys the advantages of a liberal arts college atmosphere as well as instruction from nationally and internationally distinguished scholars. Class size is small, and students may participate in faculty research projects.
As a linguistics major, you'll have the option to choose an emphasis in Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL). If you're interested in earning a master's degree in linguistics, you may apply to a joint degree program in which you'll earn a bachelor’s and a master’s degree in a total of five years.
The Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree program in linguistics is well rounded and encourages students to combine linguistics with interests in language, anthropology, computer science, speech pathology, and other areas.
All linguistics majors complete these courses:
- Introduction to Linguistics
- Articulatory & Acoustic Phonetics
- Syntactic Analysis
- Phonological Analysis
- A course in language history or in an old language
Several elective courses in linguistics also are required; to be chosen in consultation with your adviser.
See Linguistics in the UI General Catalog to learn more about the major and graduating with honors.
Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) Emphasis Option
If you're interested in teaching English to non-native speakers abroad or in earning a graduate degree in second language acquisition, you might opt for the linguistics major's emphasis in Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL). If you do, you'll devote three of your elective courses to the emphasis.
Minor in Linguistics
Joint BA/MA in Linguistics
The Department of Linguistics offers a joint bachelor's/master's degree program that enables qualified linguistics students to receive a Master of Arts (MA) degree in linguistics with TESL focus with only one year of study beyond the BA degree. To be eligible, students must be University of Iowa undergraduates majoring in linguistics, must complete at least 80 semester hours of undergraduate work (typically by the end of their fifth semester), and must have a grade-point average of at least 3.50 when they submit their application for admission to the joint program.
Linguistics majors need to meet the requirements for admission to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Admission Requirements Tabs
Faculty, Facilities, and Resources
The Department of Linguistics reading room provides a common meeting place for faculty and students and houses a modest library. The department's computer lab has 16 workstations used for teaching and research.
Iowa graduates have job placement rates ranging from 86-100 percent, depending on their area of study, and our Pomerantz Career Center offers multiple resources to help students find internships and jobs.
Linguistics majors have found work teaching English as a second language overseas. Unique teaching opportunities worth exploring include those with the Peace Corps and Teach For America.
A number of companies, such as Microsoft, Xerox, Apple, Hewlett-Packard, and other high-tech firms, regularly hire employees with linguistics degrees. Opportunities also exist for government work, for example, as a special agent linguist for the FBI.
Some graduates choose to pursue advanced study in linguistics or other disciplines. A master’s degree with TESL emphasis qualifies graduates to teach English as a second language in the United States or overseas. Graduates with bachelor’s degrees in linguistics may be admitted to certain graduate programs without additional academic preparation, such as anthropology, English literature, foreign language specializations, law, library science, philosophy, psychology, and sociology.
Application Process Tabs
Apply to the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.